The American Eskimo can probably trace its beginnings back to the Peat Bog Dog of the New Stone Age, some 6,000 years ago. Remains of this, one of the first dog breeds, have been found in Scandinavian countries as well as Russia, Finland and Germany. All Spitz breeds share certain characteristics. The American Eskimo may have come down through the German Spitz and the white Pomeranian. During the 19th century, many of these small, white dogs were found in German communities in the U.S., having arrived with their immigrant owners. Eventually they came to be known as the American Spitz and were popular in the trick dog acts of travelling circuses. The breed was first registered with the United Kennel Club (in the U.S.) in 1913 and in 1917, the name of American Eskimo was adopted. In 1995, the American Kennel Club recognized the breed with three separate size divisions.


The American Eskimo is a bright, fun-loving dog that is alert and amazingly agile. It is a good watchdog, sounding off at the approach of strangers, but it is not vicious. The breed is noted for being gentle and playful with children.

Activity Level

Quick to learn and eager to please, this small dog is lively and active. American Eskimos often excel in agility and flyball, as well as obedience.


Smallest of the three size divisions, the Toy American Eskimo ranges from 9-12 in (23-30 cm) at the withers.


The thick double coat consists of a short, dense undercoat with long, straight guard hairs growing through it to form the outer coat. The coat is thicker and longer around the neck and chest to form a ruff. The plumed tail is carried over the back.


Pure sparkling white is the preferred colour, though white with biscuit-cream is acceptable.


Grooming an Eskie is easier than might be expected of a long-haired white dog since the coat carries a natural oil that repels soiling. Regular brushing is a good idea, especially in the spring when the breed is most likely to ‘blow coat.'